The area of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina, and during the millenium the Paolithic period up until Slavic colonization in the beginning of the 7th century of the new era, try is full of many and diverse traces of human existence. Human activity in this area, from the Stone Age to the start of the representatives of Ilire iron period culture, in the first millennium before new age, gave its effects to the areas, Varvari beside Prozor, in the cave Badanj beside Stolac (with drawing which is very rare of that sort in Europe), Gornja Tuzla, Zelena Pe?ina (above Buna beside Mostar), Butmir beside Sarajevo, Obre beside Kakanj, Nebo beside Travnik, Lisi?i?i beside Konjic…

The first centuries of the New Age first millennium are full of the chances of ripple effects. Ilires, the Iron Age new supporters, for the first time in prehistoric period made one higher level of cultural – civilization from of social community.

Roman conquest of this area, from the third century before New Age up to the first ages of the New Age, defined its further history. The area of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina, from that period has the destiny of empire which was placed on three continents.

The new south – slavens period in history of this area began with the appearance and final settlement of Slavens tribes at the beginning of VII century. So in the Middle Age was formed Middle – Age Bosnian country, which was totally affirmed in the period of Kulin Ban (1180 – 1204). Bosnia got the top of power during the period of reign and the first king Tvrtko I Kotromani? (1353 – 1391). Bosnian middle-aged country was occupied in the period of Osmans conquest in 1463, when was executed the last Bosnian king.  The conquest of rest Bosnian area was lasting more than one century and would be finished by occupation of town Biha? in 1592.

Osmans reign in duration of 400 years was finished by Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, and one new period in its history started from than. Bosnia had a special status as a separated part in the Monarchy (corpus separatum).

At the end of the First World War (1918), and disintegration of Austro-Hungarian regime, Bosnia and Herzegovina as a part of country of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, formed from historic provinces from the location of former Austro-Hungary, became integrated part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by declaration of Common South Slavens country in December of 1918.

After the disintegration of Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1914, by the fascistic powers decision of Germany and Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina was included into structure of Independent Croatia Country. By the end of the Second World War in 1945, Bosnia and Herzegovina became integrated into Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia.

By the disintegration of Communist system in 1990, in Yugoslavia where was Bosnia also, the first democratic elections took place. In March of 1992 by the decision of legally declared government in Sarajevo and with recommendation of Arbitration commission of international conference about Yugoslavia, the referendum took place, when the 2/3 of population declared for independent, integrated and sovereign Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 6th of April, this decision was conceded by the members of Europe community and other countries, and gave state subjectivity of Republic Bosnia and Herzegovina in historic and internationally confessed borders. In May of 1992 our country was received in the Organization of United Nation.


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The South East European (SEE) Heritage network Secretariat
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The material displayed on the separate country pages has been prepared by:
Albanian Heritage Foundation
Bosnia and Herzegovina: CHwB Regional Office in Sarajevo
Kosovo: EC MA Ndryshe
Montenegro: EXPEDITIO and Notar
Serbia: Civic Association SUBURBIUM

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SEE Heritage network gathers all those willing to contribute to protecting and promoting the South East European heritage as part of our common European and world's heritage. Read more about the network  >>>


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South East Europe (SEE) – a region where people cooperate, understand and respect each other on the basis of their cultural differences, believing that cultural, ethnic and religious diversity is a valuable resource.


South East European Heritage is a network of non-governmental organizations established in 2006. The mission of the SEE Heritage network is to work toward protecting and promoting our common cultural heritage with the aim of encouraging the sustainable development of the region.

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